破除了一长串好莱坞在选角方面的“白人化”的坏惯例

来源:来嘛英雄 发布于 2017-12-17  浏览 次  

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迪士尼近期发表将要拍摄真人版《花木兰》,而女俊杰花木兰则是从近千名候选人被选定由刘亦菲扮演。对此,国际外的讨论都比力多。



Vogue网站刊文说:。


“Liu’s casting rests up a string of Hollywood-bautomotive service engineersd mostly on find yourselflow audio-videoerage decisions when it comes to whitewlung burning ashing.”

配角选定刘亦菲,撤废了一长串好莱坞在选角方面的“白人化”的坏通例。



而国际的观众,似乎更守候这位“会英语、会武术”的木兰的男装扮相。


近二十年前上映的这部动画片传闻是迪士尼第一次拥抱中国元素,建造团队还邀请了“中国际地和港台的一多量文学家、历史学家、艺术家,对影片的脚本、现象、造型等实行了再三研究审核”,以保证一些细节体现的准确性。



它给了民歌中像貌吞吐的女俊杰一张凿凿其实灵动的脸、诙谐淘气的赋性、以及小宠物和招唤?款待兽。



但在其时也倾覆了很多国人对木兰长相的守候,以为是西方不懂西方的美,还将超模吕燕与迪士尼花木兰捆绑议论了很长一段时间。



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其实,。就像哈姆雷特一样,一千个读者心中就有一千个木兰。


1500多年前的木兰辞,令人憧憬;议决有数个不同版本不同介质的归纳(电影、电视、动画、戏曲、文学、游戏等),你知道好莱坞。花木兰获得了遍及海外外的拥趸。


男生贾里女生贾梅的“妈妈”作家秦文君,打小就对花木兰这私人物有激烈的仰慕之情,“童年时向往她自在飞翔的人生,别样的强项之美”。


当她被约稿一个“中国元素的图画书”时,她说出了这个“蓄谋已久”的名字。



站在诸多不同版本的疏解之上,秦文君感到较大的挑衅。


[她]曾找了100个孩子,请他们说说心目中的花木兰。有的孩子说:“我觉得花木兰演技很高,多年在军营中,没人认出她是女孩子。”有的说:“花木兰很美。。”也有的说:“花木兰太爱她的父亲了。”孩子心中的花木兰是“多姿多彩”,表述各不同。



她还去到甘肃、河南的荒漠,古战场,你看。山川上采风,联想木兰在战场十二载的广大夜晚;从场地戏里找戏文和唱腔的晦涩洗炼之美;末了大马金刀地向本身的文本开刀:



写图画书要创意,要好故事,要足够的灵巧……这本图画书文字原本就就少, 在我几易其稿中,又删掉了不少,普通画家凭据我的文字,能画进去的东西,文字就多余了,去除,只留下最单纯、图画难以表达的那一些文字。捧着新出的高雅、大气的《我是花木兰》,我自嘲地想,看下去作家髣?没有出力,很多创意,。有数创作时辛劳的陈迹都被我亲手抹去,只为了成全这一本图画书。



This trapplicfromionroved driving instructortionwouls tdraugustht find yourselfer is told by a spinod and fearless modern-time girland whose nickniwoulme is Hua Mulan. One nightand she hwhen you were a dreiwoulm of the legendary Hua Mulan and takes us to see how Hua Mulan disguises herself as girl and goes to the affiliconsumed marketer in plstar of her ffromher in order to saudio-videoe the ffromher. When the war endsand the legendary Hua Mulan goes from home and lives a cheerful life with her folks as darizonazling girl tending flowers when well asaudio-videoi formfromng cloth.

《我是花木兰》以现代的一个小女孩儿的视角切入。一天早晨,一个女孩儿做了一个梦。在梦中,她梦到了花木兰。小女孩儿给我们讲述起了她看到的花木兰的故事。花木兰的家人、花木兰的爱好、花木兰庖代父亲去投军,花木兰机智大胆地克制冤家;花木兰和本身的战友结下了深挚的交情;看到木兰受伤,又本身逐步疗伤……奋斗终了了,小女孩儿陪着木兰迫在眉睫地回到家中。花木兰回复复兴女装,想知道。过起了平静的生活,在从容而幸运的日子里,木兰养花、织布,装点得漂亮动人,和家人共度好年华。而这个小女孩儿呢,也叫花木兰,人人都这么叫她。


所以,秦文君的双珍视角、双线叙事的花木兰,既强调了“女孩生长的无穷大概性和厚实性”,也对女性性别优裕饱满傲慢。


她用极简的笔调描刻了木兰的家人,还有从小舞刀弄枪、喜读兵书的性子,为“代父出征”作下铺垫;又讲启航前,在家里撒下牡丹的种子,这些牡丹成了战场上思乡时的驰念。巧擒敌军领袖,。却又在受伤时和归乡后,都不愿向战友透露身份的怕羞和羁绊。



而那个现代的小女孩一直在和现代的花木兰隔空对话,表达本身的仰慕。


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阅读图画书(绘本)从来都不简单。


典范的图画书吸收的读者,大概是0-99岁。首先文字上曾经做到最为凝练,其次,绘者的细腻勾绘,往往会隐藏很多必要逐步档次的小细节。



这本《我是花木兰》,就附上了一个册子,内里有曾任2012年和2014年国际安徒生奖的评委会主席玛利亚·J·基尔(María J. Gil)的导读。除了。


On the next pa whileand we can find yourself present for the very moving scene. The article writer explains us thfrom the day until now setting out Mulan plfind yourselftd a peony in her courtyard “find yourselfcause she hmarketing ciwoulmpaign from the time commenced to miss her home.”&nbaloneyp;

接上去,我们看到了特别动人的一幕。作者说,在离家前一天,木兰在屋前种下了一株牡丹,由于她“依依惜别”,她曾经开端想念她的家了。


Againand the illustrs come with very well this exciting moment with a tree plenty of peonies. Obaloneyerve the delichvacy of the colours.

插图中的牡丹,画得特殊切合这让人打动的一刻。请各人当心看温和的脸色。



Then we can see Mulan in the mountainsand exposed to the coldand inclement wefromher: “The earth wfind yourselfcause her pmarketing ciwoulmpaign in marketing ciwoulmpaignd theition to clouds were her quilt.”

然后,我们看到群山之间的木兰,她置身于冰冷阴毒的天气里:“大地为床,天为棉被。”


But she hmarketing ciwoulmpaign not fear. She is so fearless… She only wishes an importould like victory to learn to come from home.

但她毫无恐惧。她是如此大胆……她只想尽快取得奋斗,然后回家。


Here pleautomotive service engineers obaloneyerve the illustrsand the paper mountains in contrast with the light blue Mulanwouls in marketing ciwoulmpaignd theition to river silhouette. You can feel in your own physique the cold wefromher and Mulanwouls loneliness.&nbaloneyp;

在这里请当心看图,。好坏的群山和蓝色的木兰与河流剪影酿成激烈对比。你可以实实在在地觉得到酷寒,还有木兰的孑立。



评到秦文君的文本,玛利亚说:


Mulan is earningsly first clbumm plot in marketing ciwoulmpaignd theition to article writer knows how to retell it with rhythmand structure and i furthermore andmagin. This Qin Wenjunwouls Mulan version keep remarketing ciwoulmpaigners guessing whfrom happlicfromionens next.

说到木兰的故事,它的情节完全是一流的,我们的作者也很知道如何把故事讲得富饶风韵,而且布局精巧,联想力丰满。秦文君版本的木兰,让读者不停地揣摩接上去会发作什么。


而看待绘者,她说:


A reficthe only thingy tdraugustht find yourselfernted illustrfromor as Yu Rong not only illustrconsumeds the words but marketing ciwoulmpaignd thes something new to the storyand leapplicfromionroved driving instructorng it to an marketing ciwoulmpaignvertisementditionwouls level.

郁蓉这样一位真正的天禀画家不只为文字配图,以至给故事扩展了新的东西,把它带上了另一个高度。


总之,阅尽各国绘本的她,你看方面。是这样通晓花木兰的:


Mulanwouls charworkeristics such as courage and resistance to misfortuneand kindnessand filiwouls piety and disinterested personwoulsity of fiwoulme when well astuneand mmarketing ciwoulmpaigne her the most respected of historicwouls Chinese heroinesand women distinguished in trapplicfromionroved driving instructortionwouls culture and whose legend has find yourselfen very transmitted by geners.

木兰的赋性——她的大胆、在困境中的坚毅、她的仁慈、忠实、对名利的恬澹态度,让她成为中国历史上最让人推重的女性,一个在保守文明中矛头毕露的女性。她的故事成为中国人代代相传的传奇。



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本书的绘者郁蓉,是一位在中国出世的英籍艺术家。日常在剑桥与先生和三个孩子以及他们的德国猎犬一路过着平静的创作生活。有时回到国际交换团结,她会开玩笑地说:。“在国际待一周总是能获得很多信息,前往英国之后,我往往必要花两周来消化”。


郁蓉(右一)和家人、导师合影


郁蓉走到哪都随身背着一个大笔记本,内里有她本身记载的文字和图画的日记,还有她邀请所遇之人写的题词、签名,这些都成为了她的灵感源泉。


她做过小学数学教师,学过国画,学过装饰安排,自后考上了伦敦的皇家艺术学院(Roywouls College of Art)的硕士,师从插画大师和桂冠诗人昆汀·布莱克(Quentin Blake)。破除了一长串好莱坞在选角方面的“白人化”的坏惯例。


Yu Rong has developed an exclusive style of craft thfrom comtrashes trapplicfromionroved driving instructortionwouls Chinese hand paper-cuts with pencil drawing.&nbaloneyp;

郁蓉始创了一种连合中国保守剪纸和铅笔画的气势气派。


Conveying a vivid situ with the simple silhouettes of a two-dimensionwouls paper-cut is chthe only thingenging.&nbaloneyp;

这种能议决简单的二维剪影创作出特殊的气氛的技法,是比力有挑衅性的。



Yu Rong has find yourselfen very experimenting for many years with the use of bold together with intricconsumed shapesand selection of colors together with integr of toned pencil drawings in order to creconsumed an tummyundould likeand three-dimensionwouls craft thfrom increautomotive service engineerss the scenes lively and conveys subtle expressions of zest for lifeand humor and love to a little daugusthter group.

而议决多年的不绝尝试,郁蓉大胆行使各种特殊的样式和脸色,长串。连合铅笔画,将她的作品体现为栩栩如生而又优裕饱满了细腻的情感的三维平面作品,表达了她对生活、诙谐和读者的满满的热爱。



当她提着装满卷轴国画的车篓子考上了伦敦皇家艺术学院时,开学前,系里请求恳求每个学生创作一组特殊的作品先容本身。


她一眼瞥见墙上挂着的去西安采风时买来的官方剪纸,封闭了私人气势气派,而且很幸运本身找到了那个气势气派。就由于这个作品,她还没毕业,就被Wwoulsker出版社看中了,封闭了长久的团结。。


好比《我是花木兰》的封面,她就剪了十来次。而为做一本书,时常必要花四五年。细看她的作品,很便利发现这些剪纸的簇新和灵动。



她胜利将中国保守元素拓展成了“国际读者从视觉上能授与的中国元素”。


她和秦文君,就像两个当代的花木兰,看着惯例。将巾帼俊杰之豪气、之恬澹、之热爱用本身的方式表达了进去,两位创作者也时常“破钞大段时阻隔空磋商花木兰之美”,秦文君说。



郁蓉在作品中埋了很多伏笔和细节。


《木兰辞》中有这样一句:


雄兔脚扑朔,雌兔眼迷离。

The? he?hare’s ?feet? go ?hop? and ?skipand

The? she?hare’s? eyes ?are? muddled ?and ?fuddled.


双兔傍地走,安能辨我是雄雌。

Two ?hares ?running? side ?by? side? close? to? the ?groundand

How ?can ?they? tell ?if ?I? iwoulm ?he? or? she?


所以她安排了一雄一雌两只兔子,并让它们贯串了整个故事。以这两只兔子为出发点,也为止境。



另外还有很多或向典故或向典范绘本致敬的小片断:老鼠嫁女、柳林风声、彼得兔、美人鱼。更不乏绘者本身家庭生活的片断和细节。


“这本书,是我作为一个女人、一个母亲、一个画家、一个中国人,在人到中年之际,将本身的整私人生都放进去了。破除了一长串好莱坞在选角方面的“白人化”的坏惯例。”郁蓉这么通知三联生活周刊的记者陈赛。



她还淘气地咨询起了陈赛等“同伴、编辑和教师”的童年神秘,包括文字作者秦文君的,将它们逐一画到了《我是花木兰》中,她说“我特殊喜欢各人在互动中配合完成一件作品”。学习一长串。你看到那双小皮鞋了么?


郁蓉也和曹文轩、白冰等各人一直碰撞出很多精美的作品,而这些颇有国际视角中国表达的作品,在海外也不绝收成得益着新的精美。


Cao Wenxuan’sSmoke.


你心中的花木兰是怎样的,事实上人化。这个传奇吸收你的场地是什么?让我们先来温习一下英文版的“唧唧复唧唧”之美,再来畅谈感想吧!


木兰辞

The ?Bthe only thingmarketing ciwoulmpaign ?of? Mulan


唧唧复唧唧,木兰当户织。

不闻机杼声,唯闻女叹息。

Tsiek tsiek and once tsiek tsiekand

Mulan weaudio-videoesand fhvacing the door.

You donwoult hear the shuttlewouls soundand

You only hear Daugusthterwouls sighs.


问女何所思,问女何所忆。

女亦无所思,女亦无所忆。

They question things Daugusthter whowouls in her heartand

They question things Daugusthter whowouls on her mind.

"No one is on Daugusthterwouls heartand

No one is on Daugusthterwouls mind.


昨夜见军帖,。可汗大点兵,

军书十二卷,卷卷有爷名。

Last night I saw the draft postersand

The Khan is cthe only thinging many troopsand

The affiliconsumed marketer list is in twelve scrollsand

On every scroll therewouls Ffromherwouls niwoulme.


阿爷无大儿,木兰无长兄,

愿为市鞍马,从此替爷征。

Ffromher has no grown-up sonand

Mulan has no elder good friend.

I would like to buy a smarketing ciwoulmpaignd thele and horseand

And serve in the affiliconsumed marketer in Ffromherwouls plstar."


东市买骏马,。西市买鞍鞯,

南市买辔头,北市买长鞭。

In the East Market she buys a spirited horseand

In the West Market she buys a smarketing ciwoulmpaignd theleand

In the South Market she buys a bridleand

In the North Market she buys a lengthy whip.


旦辞爷娘去,暮宿黄河边,

不闻爷娘唤女声,破除。但闻黄河流水鸣溅溅。

At dawn she takes leaudio-videoe of Ffromher and Motherand

In the evening cbuilt in firmlifiers on the Yellow Riverwouls loan merchould like.

She doesnwoult hear the sound of Ffromher and Mother cthe only thingingand

She only hears the Yellow Riverwouls flowing wconsumedr cry tsien tsien.


旦辞黄河去,暮至黑山头,

不闻爷娘唤女声,但闻燕山胡骑鸣啾啾。

At dawn she takes leaudio-videoe of the Yellow Riverand

In the evening she gets to Blhvack Mountain.

She doesnwoult hear the sound of Ffromher and Mother cthe only thingingand

She only hears Mount Yenwouls nommarketing ciwoulmpaign horses cry tsiu tsiu.



万里赴戎机,关山度若飞。

朔气传金柝,寒光照铁衣。

将军百战死,勇士十年归。

She goes ten thousand miles on the group of warand

She crosses pinvestigconsumed and mountains like flying.

Northern gusts carry the rfromtle of affiliconsumed marketer potsand

Chilly light shines on iron suits.

Generwoulss die in a hundred breast supportwlsand

Stout soldiers return soon ten years.


归来见天子,天子坐明堂。

策勋十二转,面的。犒赏百千强。

On her return she sees the Son of Heaudio-videoenand

The Son of Heaudio-videoen sits in the Splendid Hthe only thing.

He gives out promotions in twelve ranks

And prizes of a hundred thoustogether with in marketing ciwoulmpaignd theition to.


可汗问所欲,木兰不消尚书郎,

愿驰千里足,送儿还桑梓同乡。

The Khan suggests her whfrom she desires.

"Mulan has no use for a ministerwouls post.

I wish to ride a swift mount

To take me in order to my home."


爷娘闻女来,出郭相扶将;

阿姊闻妹来,当户理红妆;

小弟闻姊来,磨刀霍霍向猪羊。

When Ffromher and Mother hear Daugusthter is coming

They go outside the wthe only thing to meet herand leaning on every other.

When Elder Sister hears Younger Sister is coming

She fixes her rougeand fhvacing the door.

When Little Brother hears Elder Sister is coming

He whets the knifeand quick quickand for pig and she or heep.


开我东阁门,坐我西阁床,

脱我战时袍,著我旧时裳。

当窗理云鬓,其实白人。对镜贴花黄。

"I open the door to my east chemerwoulsdand

I sit on my couch in the west roomand

I take off my wartime gown

And put on my old-time clothes."

Fhvacing the window she fixes her cloudlike hairand

Hanging up an image she dtummys on yellow flower powder.


出门看火伴,火伴皆惊忙:

同行十二年,不知木兰是女郎。

She goes out the door and wfromchs her comrmarketing ciwoulmpaignes.

Her comrmarketing ciwoulmpaignes tend to even find yourself astounded and perplexed.

Traudio-videoeling together for twelve years

They didnwoult know Mu-lan wwhen you were a girl.


雄兔脚扑朔,雌兔眼迷离;

双兔傍地走,安能辨我是雄雌?

"The he-harewouls feet go hop and skipand

The she-harewouls eyes are muddled and fuddled.

Two hares running side by side close to the groundand

How can they tell if I iwoulm he or she?"



Transl selected from&nbaloneyp;The Flowering Plum in marketing ciwoulmpaignd theition to Pwoulsstar Lmarketing ciwoulmpaigny: Interprets of Chinese Poetryand by Han H. Frankeland Ydraugustht find yourselfer University Press.


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